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Comparative study of the efficiency of Au, Ag, Pd and Pt based mono and bimetallic trimer clusters for the CO oxidation reaction

Authors : Saumya Gurtu a, Sandhya Rai b and U. Deva Priyakumar a*



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Abstract

Understanding synergistic effect by calculating electronic structure is essential to fine-tune the catalytic properties of bimetallic nanoalloy clusters which might be used for design of novel efficient catalysts. Density functional theory PBE0 calculations were performed to investigate the structure and energetics of various intermediates involved in the CO oxidation reaction catalyzed by Au3-xYx (x = 0–3 and Y denotes Ag or, Pt or, Pd) trimeric clusters through two possible pathways: Eley-Rideal (ER) and Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH). The results of this investigation show that the catalytic behavior of the nanocluster highly depends on its composition and the reaction site taken into consideration. The most active reaction centres of goldsilver, gold-palladium, gold-platinum clusters are gold, palladium and platinum atoms respectively. The gold-silver clusters and AuPt2 prefer ER mechanism whereas, gold-palladium and Au2Pt selectively favour LH mechanism in comparison to the other. Bimetallic clusters, in general, are more efficient in comparison to their pristine mono-metallic counterparts, in activating the O-O bond for the reaction and have relatively easy CO2 dissociation. Overall results indicate that the alloyed clusters could potentially have a better catalytic activity as compared to pure gold clusters for CO oxidation at low temperatures.

 

Keyword

CO oxidation, heterogeneous catalysis, reaction mechanism, nanocluster composition, dopant, synergistic effects, Eley-Rideal (ER), Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH)